10 August 2022
The Diplomatic Informer Magazine wishes to congratulate the people of Ecuador on the anniversary of National day. Wishing the Government & the people of Ecuador continued unity, peace & prosperity
The national day is celebrated on 10 August. In Spanish, it is known as ‘Día del Primer Grito de Independencia de Quito’ and marks Quito’s declaration of independence from Spain in 1809. It is Ecuador’s National Day.
Spanish colonisation of Ecuador began in the middle of the sixteenth century and in 1563 Quito, the modern-day capital city of Ecuador, became an administrative region of Spain. Ecuador is Spanish for the equator, which neatly describes Ecuador’s place on the globe.
After nearly three hundred years of Spanish rule, the citizens of Quito were the first in Latin America to rebel and declare independence on 10 August 1809. They were led by Juan Pío Montúfar, Quiroga, Salinas, and Bishop Cuero y Caicedo. Quito’s nickname, “Luz de América” (Light of America), is based on its leading role in trying to secure an independent, local government.
This independence was short-lived and was suppressed by the Spanish in 24 days. However, the efforts of this small city were seen as a key milestone in the movement across Central and South America that would eventually lead to independence from Europe.
In Ecuador, on 9 October 1820, Guayaquil became the first city to gain its independence from Spain. This event is now celebrated with its own national holiday. The rest of Ecuador celebrated independence following victory at the Battle of Pichincha under the command of Simón Bolívar, on 24 May 1822.
South Africa and Ecuador Relations
Following an official visit by the South African Ambassador accredited to Santiago in November 1993, South Africa established diplomatic relations with Ecuador on 1994- 09- 22.
Exports fall chiefly into the category of base metals. Imports fall chiefly into the categories of machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical equipment, and chemicals.