The Diplomatic Informer Magazine would like to congratulate the Government and the people of Azerbaijan as they celebrate the Day of the Restoration of Independence on October 18, 2021 marking a special milestone, commemorating the 30th anniversary of restored Azerbaijani independence.
The Independence Day of Azerbaijan is the main state holiday in Azerbaijan. It is celebrated annually on October 18. On this day in 1991, the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan adopted a Constitutional Act on the Declaration of Independence of Azerbaijan. The declaration was confirmed by a referendum in December 1991.
It has been 30 years since Azerbaijan restored the country’s independence on October 18, 1991 with the Constitutional Act of State Independence of Azerbaijan – an event that ended more than seven decades of Soviet rule.
The occasion has been celebrated as Independence Day for 29 years since 1991. However, President Ilham Aliyev signed a decree on October 15, 2021, to rename it as the Day of Restoration of Independence.
The Constitutional Act of State Independence of Azerbaijan ushered in the rebirth of the statehood founded by the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR) in 1918. The document announced Republic of Azerbaijan as the successor of ADR, which had a brief life in the early part of the 20th century.
Established on May 28, 1918, in the wake of the Russian Empire’s collapse, the ADR was the first democratic republic in the Muslim world that granted women equal voting rights with men. However, the Bolsheviks could not tolerate ADR’s sovereignty, took over the country forcibly on April 28, 1920, and later incorporated Azerbaijan into the Soviet Union.
After 71 years of Soviet rule, Azerbaijan’s Supreme Council adopted the Constitutional Act of State Independence of Azerbaijan on October 18, 1991. The historical document referred to the Declaration of Independence adopted on May 28, 1918, and the “On the Restoration of State Independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan” declaration endorsed by the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan on August 30, 1991.